Theory Post: SEO and Designing Web Content

The vital ways to make sure your articles are seen by the most people possible

Writing a good article alone isn’t good enough anymore. In this theory post I will explore the best ways to ensure people are reading what you produce. 


The modern journalist has access to the largest audience than ever before, both numerically as well as proportionally; more people than ever have access to the news. Due to this news has got to be more inclusive in order to make sure it is accessible to the widest audience and increase its relevance.

Making a story accessible is terms of how its written is down to the tone of the piece. Using the correct tone can make a story available to a wider audience by making it relevant to them or it can target a specific audience in particular.

The modern journalist faces competition everywhere, the amount of rival content is staggering. Every consumer now has the ability to be a producer of content and can have a direct influence on the content, a good example of this being comment sections.

Screen Shot 2013-09-24 at 4.30.56 PMA comment section allows for every reader to potentially join in the discussion of the story. This causes a dialogue between users and gives them the ability to share their own views on the topic. It is not uncommon for some comments to far exceed the length of the original article and for a reader to learn even more from just comments alone. A comment section helps to keep the attention of a reader, which is vital due to the lower attention spans of the modern audience.

In order to counteract this lower attention span a page must be as engaging and visual as possible to draw readers in and keep them interested once they’re drawn in. Readers expect interactivity and text alone can’t retain a user’s attention. A layout must combine practicality and usability – there is no point having a good looking page if it is difficult to navigate and hard to understand.

One of the most important aspects of an article is to create something that is easily shareable and encourage this from its readers. Having this ability to spread content allows for free advertisement and allows for multi platform access – meaning it can be seen on Facebook, Twitter and other social media platforms. This way it can redirect traffic to the article in question and works off the basic principle that the more people that see the link the more people are likely to click it. The internet is all purely based on numbers and statistics and using these to your advantage gives you the best chance at having your content seen by a larger audience.

It is important for a piece to immediately start gaining traction and snowball before it becomes buried under other articles and loses priority on Facebook and Twitter feeds. The sooner something begins this process of sharing and generating traffic the better.

All of this feeds into the idea of a link economy – this idea that the value of a piece increases with the amount of links to it and its outward links to other pieces. This is based on the concept of if you link to several other pages, then several pages will link back to your article. This feeds in again to making something simple and usable, and allows audiences to find it easily. The internet is built on this basis, wit one page linking to others which all link outwardly again and so on.

One of the most vital parts of gaining traffic is Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) in order to make your content show up in a search engine. This is done through understanding and playing into the algorithms used by the use of key words, tags and links and shares to help raise the relevance of your piece in the search engine rankings. It is therefore vital to optimise all content created for being searched for.

“SEO is the practise of improving and promoting a website to increase the number of visitors the site received from search engines. There are many aspects to SEO, from the words on your page to the way other sites ink to you on the web. Sometimes SEO is simply a matter of making sure your site is structured in a way that search engines understand” – The beginners Guide to SEO by Rand Fishkin

Therefore from this we can outline a basic set of rules that a writer can follow in order to have their work exposed to the largest possible audience.

  1. Make sure every article caries easy share buttons to at least Facebook and Twitter
  2. Exhibit multimedia skillset in the layout
  3. Embed relevant video and audio
  4. Use relevant images and info graphics
  5. Provide further links at the bottom of the page
  6. Embed hyper links throughout the piece

By following these rules you make your piece as visually stimulating and easily shareable.

The last thing to consider is the reading patterns of those reading the article. This way you can layout your piece accordingly in order to draw attention. Reading patterns are vital for understanding of anyone who wishes to increase audience retention. This goes off the basis of a simple F layout.


Readers begin with a horizontal movement usually across the top area of the content. This should be taken advantage of by putting something visual or attention grabbing in this area, making sure any text there is engaging (a good starting 25 words for example). This initially creates the top of the F shape.

Te next movement the user will usually do is down the page partially and then across again in a second movement to the right, usually covering a smaller area than before. This forms the second bar of the F shape.

Finally the user will scan down the left side of any content in a vertical movement – which is often slow and systematic creating the solid stripe on the heatmaps shown above. This creates the stem of the F shape.


Users spend 80% of their time on a webpage looking at the information above the page fold without even scrolling. The other 20% of their attention is given to any information below the page fold. Therefore it is important to layout a piece that conforms to this by gaining the attention of the reader before they start scrolling in order to gain as much of their attention and encourage them to share before they begin to scroll.

As shown on the heatmap users spend the majority of their time (69%) focusing on the left side of the page and only 30% on the right. Therefore phrases and words that are more eye catching and interesting should try to be shown on the left of the page and have the visual layout with the emphasis on the left. Therefore considering this a layout should focus on the top and left of the web page as the most vital parts.

A good example of this form of layout is that of the BBC news site. As you can clearly see it e268f-screen-shot-2013-01-19-at-16-26-47grabs the attention of the reader from the first visit. The page you are presented with has a bold attention grabbing header followed by an interactive element in the form of the video. This clearly plays into the idea of the F heat map shown above. To the right are sections which link to other stories and another section half cut off to encourage scrolling.

The article breaks up the text regularly with images and video content and then encourages sharing at the bottom of the page. The article is shown as a column in order to encourage scrolling and has an entire section just dedication to other links for further reading relating to the story.

The page you are presented with on The Independent’s page is a lot less interactive to Untitledbegin with, there is not embedded video or audio. However, it does still follow the F rule fairly well. Although there is a lot less to grab your attention initially before the viewer has to scroll. However they do encourage sharing at the top and bottom of the article which is something the BBC does not. And again has a section which encourages further reading. The story is also a lot shorter and plays more into the idea of shorter attention spans. As well as this it promotes other stories on its webpage further down the page, however, does not immediately catch attention and I personally didn’t notice it on my first visit.

The guardian also does a good job of presenting itself online with its initial part of the gdij;osdfgnsdgpage. It shows a good example of the opening sentence to gain attention and asks a question without actually posing a question to encourage people to scroll. Again it encourages sharing however there is very little interactivity and does not break up the text at all once you scroll.


Theory Post: SEO and Designing Web Content

Theory blog post: Online Journalism

Summerise the technical demands of online journalists

Journalism has become a very competitive industry and therefore to get a job in the industry an online journalist must be good at what they do. Due to the nature of online culture and how it is consumed online journalists constantly face rapid change.

Stories need to be relevant, interesting as well as shareable in order to continue to garner their audience’s attention and by extension expand it. This means having an online presence on social media and creating a personalised brand for themselves. Allowing stories to be shared through Twitter, Facebook and various other forms of social media, is integral to the success of a journalists career.

An online journalist is expected to create a lot more content than in previous iterations of journalism, multiple articles, video and/or audio content being expected to be created on a daily basis. This requires online journalists to need a much wider skill set that previously expected. Modern day journalists working online must have a broad understanding of written, video, audio, various forms of editing, layout and visual skills. A single online journalist is now expected to be capable of doing what would require multiple employees and to do it efficiently enough to compete with competition

Immediacy is arguably the most important part of being a successful online journalist. Being able to get your story out there before someone else can cover it allows you to generate the most online traffic allows for a build up of a good reputation and is a very desirably quality.

How and why is the industry changing?

Due to a increase in the prevalence of the technological industry and the increase in understanding and expanding usage of the internet, the print industry has had to adapt to these changes to remain relevant. News will never be something that becomes irrelevant, however, the way we consume this will constantly adapt in way to present itself in a efficient and relative way to make itself easily accessible to the average consumer.

Taking this into account it is not a surprise that the print and journalism industry has had to modify itself to the 21st century methodology of supplying information.

At its inception until the 90’s the industry was incredibly limited in terms of technology having to rely on typewriters, fax, basic word processing computers and printing presses as a way of distributing itself. Now a days everything is incredibly immediate; an article can be written and be published as soon as its finished online, then allowing that journalist to go on to create more content in various formats.

So much more can be accomplished in one day than prior to the new technology and the wide reach of the internet. Multiple articles can be written in a day by a single person along with video and radio pieces to accompany them and allows for links between stories to be hyperlinked seamlessly into a story.

In 2012 only 15% of people used their phones and tablets to access the news online, however by 2014 this increased to 73% as the mobile market expanded and smart phone usage increased drastically as affordability increased.

People always have their phones with them, and as technology has expanded this mobile form of consuming media has become much more popular, now dwarfing the physical print. This plays again into the idea of immediate on demand culture, people do not want to wait for new. They want it as it breaks not read about it the next day. It also means people can check the news where ever they are in seconds with no cost to them.

What is the impact of this?

The impact of this is that the print industry is beginning to die out in favour of online journalism. A good example of this is the independent becoming the first national UK news paper to go fully online. In doing this they are creating 25 new job roles however are losing 40 (in this case the employees will be reallocated rather than fired).

News is much more accessible now and this is reflected heavily in how it is now being presented online. A story will be written up and online minutes, sometimes even seconds after breaking and is a constant race between who will cover it first. This is a much different concept to when papers all produced content daily so often stories would be covered at the same time.

The way the average person consumes news has completely changed, televised news and radio news are still very prevalent but are now being adapted to an online format (for example radio shows now being available to view online and in podcast form).

In what ways are the roles and requirements of journalists not changing?

In many ways the idea of journalism is consistent despite its changing presentation and efficiency. Bill Kovach and Tom Rosensteil summerised the nine principles that apply to journalism that we should consider as digital technology and media grows and changes the industry.

Kovach and Rosensteil stated the primary focus of journalism has always been the pursuit of the truth, and presenting this to the public. This leads onto the second rule being that a journalists first loyalty should always be to the public. There is also the continued idea of verifying all the facts used and maintaining independence from those covered in stories – in order to remain reliable and neutral.

Journalism has to continue to serve to monitor power and be independent and through this also provide a way for the public to criticise and compromise. And as always journalism should strive to report events in an interesting and relevant format. The final principles of Kovach and Rosensteil were that new should be comprehensive and proportional and as a journalist you must exercise personal conscience.



The website layout of i100 is an excellent example of the modernised format of online articles. As seen in the linked article above, it positions itself in a very good position in the new online competition due to its easily shareable nature. This format completely reshapes how the news has been told due to how it orders the top 100 stories in order of relevance with amounts of shares and how new they are.

The articles all lead with a big bold headline with a shorty catchy title in order to gain the reader’s attention and follows this up with a large eye catching picture. There is always a prominent sense of sharing through an option to share via social media with Facebook, Twitter and various other sites icons under the headline. There is also the ability to upvote in order to help order relevance.

The initial line of every article below the picture is always in bold in order to continue to draw the attention of the reader and encourage further reading. The articles themselves are relative short and end with two links to other related articles to the story in order to generate more traffic to previous stories.

This article in question shows good examples of embedding of tweets to make the story more relative to the reader as well as showing public input to human a story and in this case allows for interaction by the reader due to humourous nature of the story.

Quotes are also in bold and highlighted with red quotation marks to again draw attention, in this case to add to the humour of the article itself.

Finally while not done in this article i100 does a very good job of linking outside sources into their articles seamlessly by using hyper links.


Reference list

Stewart, E. (2016)

All the words people use to refer to the TV remote control 

Available at:–WyQRKNzPRg [Accessed: 22nd February 2016]



The independent becomes the first national newspaper to embrace a global, digital-only future

Available at: [Accessed 22nd February 2016]


Theory blog post: Online Journalism