Week 9 – Evaluation of Skills

What are the skills I have learnt this week?

The skills I have been working on this week relate to: creating layouts in In Design for a newspaper publication, learning about jobs in the newspaper industry and learning the history of the print industry.

In relation to the creating a layout I was continuing to learn how to use In Design to create a professional looking single page spread. In order to do this I had to recreate a layout of a news story using measurements to ensure a similar layout was created.

In terms of the other task it was basically a matter of using research to learn about the industry and its history and how that will impact the future of the industry and what jobs are available.

 

What is the purpose of this skill set?

The skill set is mainly that of creating a good spread that looks professional. This allows for me to be a more diverse range of skills which in terms would make me more employable. The learning the background of the industry and the jobs involved in it also helps to make me more informed which in turn will help me to get a job in the industry.

 

Give at least 3 examples of the skills being used in the industry?

  1. Working as a layout designer for a publication
  2. Writing articles taking into consideration the layout and space
  3. Creating advertisements
  4. Knowledge of the industry when hiring new employees
  5. Knowing about different job roles by managers
  6. Understanding history of industry in order to fully understand the trends of the industry.

 

How effectively have I carried out the skill set, thinking about the strengths and areas to improve?

I found the tasks this week fairly simple. I did not experience any real troubles, however, for the layout task I did forget to take the original measurements and so had to look up the layout online for comparison. This made the task much more time consuming that it would have if I had initially taken the correct measurements. This meant that I had to then go back and alter the layout to ensure the page size was correct.

In future I will ensure I take measurements before I start the task. I had no issues with the creation of my write ups for the other tasks. They were simple and straightforward. Due to taking notes efficiently I had no problems writing up what I had learnt during my taught sessions and had no issues with understanding or analysing the information.

Identify what jobs in industry you would apply these skills?

  1. Reporter – writing articles to fit layout
  2. Designer for publication – Creating the layouts
  3. Media analyst – analysing the media to ensure the news being covered it relevant and suits the publication
  4. Audience analyst – makes sure the information covered in the publication is received well by the intended audience
  5. Editor – takes into account all the skills and combines them to ensure the publication fulfills its purpose.

 

How relevant are the skills for you in getting a job in the industry?

I think having a diverse skill set is also vital for a job in the industry, this also goes for having a good understanding of jobs and job roles in the industry. In order to best get a good idea of the jobs available it is important to have a full understanding of the history and previous trends in how it has changed. Understanding this evolution of the industry can help to put yourself at the forefront of the next evolution in the field.

Therefore these skills covered this week are very important for getting a job in the industry purely based on the diversity and knowledge being very employable traits.

 

Sources: 

http://www.totaljobs.com/careers-advice/job-profile/media-jobs

http://www.creative-media-skills.com/

Week 9 – Evaluation of Skills

Week 7 – Video Skills: Shots practice

Summary of filming process

Shot List Plan

Shot type Time (seconds) Over all time Length of footage
Establishing wide shot 5 5 15
Establishing mid shot 4 9 12
Establishing close shot 4 13 12
Close shot (3 shot sequence) 2 15 10
Mid shot (3 shot sequence) 2 17 10
Mid close shot (3 shot sequence) 2 19 10
Tracking shot 7 26 20
Tracking shot 6 32 20
Close (2 shot sequence) 2 34 10
Mid (2 shot sequence) 2 36 10
Close establishing 2 38 10
Wide to mid 2 40 10
Panoramic wide 3 43 12
Panoramic (fade between) 3 46 12
Panoramic (fade between) 3 49 12
Mid shot (3 shot sequence) 2 51 10
Close shot (3 shot sequence) 2 53 5
Mid close (3 shot sequence) 2 55 10
Wide (2 shot sequence) 2 57 10
Mid (2 shot sequence) 2 59 10

How did you translate your plan into reality?

In terms of taking my plan from the planning stage to the filming stage I created a copy of my plan in my notebook. I wrote out the plan in terms of what kinds of shots I would need and roughly how long I would like the clip to be. I would then write down how long I would like the original footage for the clip to be so that I could edit it down and meant that I had extra footage if necessary.

When it came to actually filming I had a basic idea of what the video would be. The basic idea was just shots of the college graduating from the outside with establishing shots of the buildings and ten progress into the buildings. In order to get a rough idea of how I was going to structure the video I briefly walked around the college to look for good places to film and looked at it from multiple angles using the camera frame as a way to check how good a shot would be. Once I had decided on several different filming locations I took a few minutes to structure which locations would fit best with which shot types and then took note of this, taking into account factors such as angling the shot from a certain height or perspective.

As the task required no specific narrative there was not much pressure on planning the actual content in terms of theme or story. Therefore I focused more on making the shots look professional and recorded each clip from multiple angles in the same footage so I could decide later which angle fit best with the shot. I also took a few shots that I hadn’t planned as extra footage in case it would fit better than a different clip.

As I was going for more of the building I focuses a lot more on recording structures and empty places, so the video would look more like a tour or a first person kind of perspective of the college. In a few places I found that the area presented itself better for a shot that was at ground level or table level. Due to not having access to a camera with a tripod I tried using my second hand to steady the camera and in some cases I used a table or a bench to keep the shot steadier.

How close to a professionally shot example do you deem your first attempt?

Example: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ki3GaqfK8u4

The shot types used in my footage emulate those of the shots used in the video above. I found however since their shots related to a more human topic with interviews and shots of people it was a quite different focus in relation to shot types used.

Most of the shots I have used are still with no zooming or panning with the exception of my panoramic shots. The piece above pans slightly and focuses more on shots of action in mid shots and then has close ups of people faces. With the exception of the interview and piece to camera I have used similar framing and angles as the news piece.

The footage is obviously a lot more stable due to more professional equipment, and is higher quality due to a camera with a better resolution. This is something I can easily do in future with better equipment or the addition of a tripod to get stable shots. I could also in future use partial slow zoom in some clips to give a sense of movement on still shots, as done in this piece.

I am overall quite pleased with the footage and think it does come across as professional in several aspects. I think the decision to record the same shot from multiple angles gave me a lot more options in order to edit the footage in a clean and professional final video.

Obviously due to the nature of the task the one major difference between mine and the news piece is the lack of a narrative in my shots. While I tried to use establishing shots to help transition between areas of the college there is no real story or intent for the video. The establishing shots help to transition location and with the inclusion of different shots of a similar theme or area allowed for progressive shots, the lack of a narrative makes them feel empty. In some ways an audio track over the top talking about the college could help this and give the stock footage a purpose and give it the crucial human element it lacks when compared to the news piece. Also perhaps some form of music to give the piece some form of progression.

What can be done to improve?

While I am quite happy with the footage recorded, I found that it could have been improved by having access to a better camera or the addition of a tripod. This would have allowed for cleaner panoramic shots as well as stable footage with no shakes, creating a more professional looking product.

In terms of improving I think that I could have used more shots that related to the same subject (more 3-4 progressive shots). I think the addition of more mid and wide shots would have improved the footage. While I had lots of close up and mid shots I feel I only used wide shots for establishing shots and panoramic rather than to use in progressive shots.

Due to the lack of a human element in the video, it makes the footage almost appear lonely and creates an emotive feeling which was not intentional. Due to not being telling a narrative or having any structure to a story it is not as effective footage. The lack of a human element will make the footage less relatable and was purely for technical purposes.

In some cases I feel I stuck too close to my plan when I had a better shot in mind during filming. Rather than changing the shots I ended up strictly following my plan.

Without a direct narrative or story to centre the piece around it doesn’t quite come across as anything more than just an array of shots. The footage filmed is good in principle but without a purpose to centre it behind makes the footage difficult to use in a compelling way without a direction for the footage. In future with recording there will be a purpose for the footage rather than to just show different shot types and will therefore affect which shots are used.

Edited video

Video for upload

Week 7 – Video Skills: Shots practice

Week 2 – Evaluation of Skills Learnt this week

What are the skills I have learnt this week?

I feel like I have learnt a lot of skills this week relating to my interview technique. The most prevalent being those relating to body language, while I am fairly confident in what to say and feel I come across professionally vocally I found myself not sure how to show this physically. With learning how body language can be perceived and how this can be used to make someone feel more comfortable in an interview has been very useful. I also found the way to balance both open and closed questions in order to encourage discussion and lead into harder questions very useful as it was something I was unclear of beforehand. I found a lot of the sessions useful in terms of how to make someone more willing to interview, such as having open body language and smiling having an impact on this. Also the importance and style of a vox pop style interview and how useful it can be in expressing public opinion and humanising an article.

What is the purpose of this skill set?

The purpose of this skill set is to allow for better interviews so I can gain more primary sources of information when writing an article. The vox pop skills also allow me to apply this in future to articles to humanise and article and make it more appealing for a reader. The interview skills will help me to conduct myself in an appropriate manner and thus get better results from future interviews.

Give at least 3 examples of the skills being used in the industry?

Good examples of good interview practise can be seen by vox pops used in many newspaper articles, there is also the use of good interview etiquette on televised news programmes (such as open body language, smiling, maintaining eye contact, etc…). In general interview skills relate to having good people skills which are a useful asset in all jobs in the industry in regards to maintaining and gaining good relations with workers and gaining contacts for interviews. Interview technique is also very useful for those who have to conduct specific interviews such as political interviews starting with a hard question and going for a more aggressive approach to gain the information. Research is also very important, knowing what the answer is expected to be before asking the question, this is important for journalists in the industry and for producers supplying information to interviewers.

How effectively have I carried out the skill set, thinking about the strengths and areas to improve?

I feel I am very strong in terms of confidence, I have no issue approaching someone and asking for an interview and can carry myself well in conversation coming across in a professional manner. I would also say my body language has definitely improved over the past few days in terms of coming across as a more approachable person for interview. However, I think I still have a lot of improvements to make in coming across professionally while still remaining friendly, a lot of my idiolect tends to creep in while interviewing such as “yeah” and “awesome thanks” which are not particularly professional terms to use, while these do have a place in more social interviews are not appropriate for more serious situations. Coming across professionally is another thing I would like to work on, my posture is often slouched and I usually have to remind myself to smile during an interview or show that I am paying attention.

Identify what jobs in industry you would apply these skills?

As previously specified most journalists require good interview practice. Producers for television interviews must have good research skills as well as those conducting the interviews. Good vox pop etiquette is used by both TV and newspaper journalists.

How relevant are the skills for you in getting a job in the industry?

These skills are inherently vital to almost all jobs in the industry as they are relative to having good people skills. These are especially important to any journalist and anyone who works in a team. Anyone conducting interviews in their job is required to have good interview etiquette and anyone in industry conducting primary research. These are one if not the most important skill sets for journalists and producers in order to allow for them to get primary sources of information that is completely separate from secondary sources available to every other journalist

Sources: 

http://www.totaljobs.com/careers-advice/job-profile/media-jobs

http://www.creative-media-skills.com/

Week 2 – Evaluation of Skills Learnt this week

Week 4 – Step by Step of radio Interview

  1. Initial briefing from editor/producer. This is where the story is outlined and sometimes gives a skeletal structure to the piece. Sometimes the editor will give a theme for the story and give a base outline of what they expect the piece to be like.
  2. The reporter in question will then make phone calls to official and primary sources of information (people involved with the story etc…). They will then use this information along with other research to help inform them on the story.
  3. The reporter will then collect any equipment that will be necessary for the story, such as microphone, laptop, zoom mic. They will then travel to location if necessary to interview.
  4. The interviewee will have been researched priory to this during step 2 relating to their identity and location. They will then interview the person and record the audio. In some cases they will travel to location and do a vox pop. Some reporters may take good vox pops and invite them to a full interview.
  5. The reporter will organise an interview to be taken with a specific person of interest or importance and then pre-record them for the piece.
  6. The reporter will then write up a draft script which will be checked by the editor.
  7. Once the script has been cleared the reporter will record the piece taking into account environment; matching sounds relevant to the piece to make the piece realistic.
  8. The piece will then be re-edited to make any final cuts.
  9. The reporter will listen back to their piece to check for quality.
  10. There will then be one final quality check.
  11. The producer will then listen to the piece.
  12. The piece will then be played live.
Week 4 – Step by Step of radio Interview